Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands)
In December 2000, during the 24th annual session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, held in Cairns, Australia (November 27 - December 2, 2000), the property called “Isole Eolie” was added to the list (Mediterranean Sea, Messina).
In our country, rich in history, culture and monuments, the Aeolian Islands together with Monte San Giorgio and the Dolomites are the only examples of Natural Heritage declared property of the humanity.
The Aeolian Islands have been included in the World Heritage List, the list of property recognized and declared by UNESCO as a World Heritage Property, due to their outstanding universal value and the existence of the conditions and guarantees of integrity conferred by legislation and tools of safeguard.
The UNESCO deliberation took place on 2/12/2002 in Cairns, Australia, after six years of preliminary investigation. Integrity of flora, fauna, landscape, soil, water resources and air as well as the salient features of the Aeolian territory are the reasons that led to the attribution of this prestigious recognition.
Geographical coordinates: N38 29 16.3 E14 56 44.1
Inscribed property area: 1,216 ha
Criteria for the assessment of Outstanding Universal Value
The Committee has decided to enter the Aeolian Islands on the basis of criterion (viii).
Criterio VII: to be outstanding examples representing major stages of earth's history, including the record of life, significant on-going geological processes in the development of landforms, or significant geomorphic or physiographic features.
Declaration of Outstanding Universal Value
What ensured the inclusion of the Aeolian archipelago in the World Heritage List, was the evaluation carried out by IUCN - International Union for Conservation of Nature:
“The peculiar volcanic aspects of the islands represent in an exemplary way the object of studies of world volcanology. Thanks to the research undertaken in the eighteenth century, the islands have allowed the deepening of the two types of eruption (Vulcanian and Strombolian) and the treatment of the most important topics of modern volcanology and geology contributing to the education of a class of scientists in over 200 years of research. The islands still continue to be a rich field of studies and continuous processes that are still changing the landscape and the geology of the archipelago.”
Justification for Inscription
“The morphology of the volcanic islands represents a historical model in the evolution of the studies of world volcanology.”
Reference website: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/908